The new style was particularly favored by the new religious orders, including the Theatines and the Jesuits, who built new churches designed to attract and inspire a wide popular audience. your own Pins on Pinterest Iglesia de la Compañía de Jesús, Cusco, Peru, built between 1576 and 1668, by Jean-Baptiste Gilles and Diego Martínez de Oviedo. Image of detail, helblinghaus - 136536 . As Baroque architecture coincided with European colonialism, it can be seen throughout much of the w… Important features of baroque architecture include: long, narrow naves are replaced by broader, occasionally circular forms; dramatic use of light, either strong light-and-shade contrasts, chiaroscuro effects (e.g. By the early 18th century, Baroque buildings could be found in all parts of Italy, often with regional variations. For instance, Saint Peter’s Basilica is a Baroque church in Vatican city has features that are … The discoveries of Roman antiquities beginning in 1738 at Herculanum and especially at Pompeii in 1748 turned French architecture in the direction of the more symmetrical and less flamboyant neo-classicism. It has the body of St Francis Xavier. Contrary to Rome’s drastic, reform-driven change in style, French architecture in the 17th century transitioned between Renaissance and its own interpretation of the Baroque more naturally, although the driving force behind the change was the same desire to reaffirm the claim to power of the ruling party — namely the monarchs of the House of Bourbon. Decorations were … In Seville, Leonardo de Figueroa was the creator of the College of San Telmo, with a facade inspired by Italian Baroque. The arts were put under the direction of his controller of finance, Jean-Baptiste Colbert. Check for pediments and crown moldings that resemble the exterior. Share. Being no expert, I can’t tell the difference between “Romanesque”, “Gothic”, “Renaissance” and “Baroque” rose windows, but I know that the simplest wheel windows are generally the oldest with a history dating about a thousand years back in time. An especially ornate variant, appeared in the early 18th century; it was first called Rocaille in France; then Rococo in Spain and Central Europe. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The features of the baroque era showed long, narrow naves that were replaced by a broader, or occasionally with circular forms. In his work, the buildings are nearly overwhelmed by the ornament of gilded wood, gigantic twisting columns, and sculpted vegetation. It used detail and light to create a mood and send a message through a work of art. Baroque architecture often used visual and theatrical effects, designed to surprise and awe the viewer: Cruciform plan of a high Baroque Church, Santi Luca e Martina in Rome by Pietro da Cortona (1639–1669), Floor plan of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1658–1661) showing the entrance (below), altar (top) and radiating chapels. ( Log Out / The sculpted and painted decoration covering every space on the walls and ceiling. View of Versailles Palace. To achieve this goal, the very act of approaching and stepping into a church had to become more of an experience; one that would envelope the faithful in Catholic symboli… An Outline of European Architecture. Plan of the Late Baroque Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers by Balthasar Neumann, constructed between 1743 and 1772. Another feature often seen was a broken pediment, where lavish adornment such as a… Explanation: Baroque architecture refers to a building design with richly sculpted surfaces.  The next important French Baroque project was a much larger dome for the church of Val-de-Grace begun in 1645 by Lemercier and François Mansart, and finished in 1715. Ching in “A Visual Dictionary of Architecture” (p. 133), Baroque Architecture is “a style of architecture originating in Italy in the early 17th century and variously prevalent in Europe and the New World for a century and a half. 15% off everything 15ISTOCK baroque windows house architecture window building framework facade apartment exterior … Distinguishing Features of Baroque Architecture. It often took different names, and the regional variations became more distinct. The interior effects were often achieved with the use of quadratura, or trompe-l'œil painting combined with sculpture; the eye is drawn upward, giving the illusion that one is looking into the heavens. , Another important figure of German Baroque was Balthasar Neumann (1687–1753), whose works included the Würzburg Residence for the Prince-Bishops at Würzburg, with its famous staircase. EXTERIOR FEATURES A notable feature of Baroque architecture is its use of pediments and hoods on doorways and windows. Despite being centuries behind the advent of electricity, Baroque interior design made thorough use of light whether inside a church, home or palace. In the late Baroque period the mixture of … This gradually became the Louis XIV style. These often took the form of a small arch above the doorway or window, reflecting the recurring baroque motif of curved lines. Many of us have seen the images from Versailles and other magnificent French palaces, with decorated interiors, artistic details everywhere, and intricate gardens.  The most prominent example was the salon of the Princess in Hôtel de Soubise in Paris, designed by Germain Boffrand and Charles-Joseph Natoire (1735–40).. The same austerely geometrical effect is achieved without great cost or pretentious effects at the stadholder’s summer residence of Het Loo. Renaissance Architecture: Renaissance architecture is the architecture of the period between the early 15th and early 17th centuries in different regions of Europe, demonstrating a conscious revival and development of certain elements of ancient Greek and Roman thought and material culture. Saved from dreamstime.com. Baroque is defined periods in literature as well as music; however critics perceived it to be unstructured, over ornamented, theatrical and grotesque. 1. These works were among the final expressions of the Rococo or the Late Baroque. The blending of art and architecture is a characteristic of Baroque architecture. They gave movements to architectural elements in the form of more or less regular curves. It was a definite, purposeful shift in style. The Baroque was very flamboyant and ornamented in its interior design. Baroque architecture, architectural style originating in late 16th-century Italy and lasting in some regions until the 18th century. The Rococo was not applied to exterior architecture as was the Baroque, but was an expression of art and the interior. Change ). The Kinsky Palace Vienna, or Palais Daun-Kinsky, is my favourite town palace in Vienna: The building by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt presses every button of baroque architecture: the iconic pilasters of the façade, arabesques, escutcheons and flutes, a vast selection of baroque sculpture at the grand portal, above windows and on the roof, as well as in the foyer and grand … A World Heritage Site built in Baroque style and completed in 1604 AD. The Baroque & Rococo – Austria Johann Fischer Von Erlach (1656 – 1723 ) • Karlskirche 1716-1737 • Master of Austria Architecture Karlskirche – Nave This church has an oval nave with 2 levels of windows to bring light in to flood the space. Windows were used to bring light into the building and in domestic architecture, to show the view. Sashes containing 12 lights (in a 3 x 4 or 4 x 3 pattern) or 16 lights (4 x 4) are also common in Baroque architecture. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. One is the four-story baldachin that stands over the high altar. The semicircular windows bring the building down, earthbound and is a revival of the classical style, no longer a pointed arch.  Talavera pottery azulejos, Complete facade of the Iglesia y Convento de San Francisco, Quito, built between 1550 and 1680. begun in 1617, with additional decoration after 1668. Renaissance. Windows are a very ancient invention, probably coincident with the development of fixed and enclosed houses. Panorama of the facade of the Basilica and Convent of San Francisco, Lima, built between 1657 and 1729 by Portuguese Constantino de Vasconcellos, a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Decorative cartouche designed for the Palazzo Barberini by Filippo Juvarra (1711), Ceiling of the Farnese Gallery by Annibale Carracci (1597–1704), Illusionistic painting on the ceiling of the Jesuit church in Vienna by Andrea Pozzo (1703), Grand staircase of the Würzburg Residence (1720–1780), Trompe-l'œil effect on the ceiling of the Church of the Gesu, Rome, by Giovanni Battista Gaulli (completed 1679), Baroque garden at Vaux-le-Vicomte. , In Bohemia, the leading Baroque architect was Christoph Dientzenhofer, whose building featured complex curves and counter-curves and elliptical forms, making Prague, like Vienna, a capital of the late Baroque. The period saw the construction of Santa Maria della Salute by Baldassare Longhena in Venice (1630–31). His two brothers, Joaquin and Alberto, also made important, if less ornamented, contributions to what became known simply as the Churrigueresque style. In common with Baroque architecture, Versailles glitters with gold and uses a process of repeating design elements in sections of the palace that are unified from the exterior by its many windows, which is a typical element of Baroque architecture. Photo about Rococo window in Innsbruck, Austria, with reflection of Golden Rood. Notable motifs include shells, leaves and delicate ‘C-shapes.’. The Late Baroque in France, under Louis XIV, was more ordered and classical; examples included the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles and the dome of Les Invalides. Giving movements to elements became a dominant motif of Baroque architecture. On his return to France, he designed the Pavillon de l’Horloge of the Louvre Palace (beginning 1626), and, more importantly, the Church of the Sorbonne, the first church dome in Paris. The most well-known Baroque building is the famous Palace of Versailles outside Paris: In common with Baroque architecture, Versailles glitters with gold and uses a process of repeating design elements in sections of the palace that are unified from the exterior by its many windows, which is a typical element of Baroque architecture. It was a more theatrical version of Renaissance architecture, with dramatic lighting and colour, illusory effects such as trompe l’oeil, and designs that played games with architectural features, sometimes leaving them incomplete.. Its buildings typically include central towers, domes, … , Facade of the Church of the Gesù Rome (consecrated 1584), Interior view of Dome of the Church of the Gesù by Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, and Giacomo della Porta, Corpus Christi Church, Nesvizh in what is now Belarus (1586 and 1593), Facade of Santa Susanna, Rome by Carlo Maderno (1603), Saints Peter and Paul Church, Kraków, Poland by Giovanni Maria Bernardoni (1605–1619), The Church of St-Gervais-et-St-Protais, the first Paris church with a façade in the new Baroque style (1616–20), The Luxembourg Palace by Salomon de Brosse (1615–1624). Aside from its famous French Gothic architecture, this venerable cathedral contains some of the most iconic stained glass in the world. It never achieved the extravagant exuberance of the Rococo in Bavaria, Austria and Italy. Stained glass, although sometimes present, was not a prevalent feature in Renaissance windows. In the Gothic period the windows were longer and broader, in a number of cathedrals they almost replace the walls. Original (4896 × 3672 650.4 KB JPG) Medium (1200 × 900 130.9 KB JPG) Custom size width OR height ⬇ DOWNLOAD. Baroque architecture rejected the clear, rational geometric forms of the early Renaissance period. Twisted columns were also often used, to give an illusion of upwards motion, and cartouches and other decorative elements occupied every available space. , West facade of Saint Paul's Cathedral by Christopher Wren (1675–1702), Greenwich Hospital by Sir Christopher Wren (1694), Castle Howard, North Yorkshire by John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor (1699–1712), Blenheim Palace by John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor, Many of the most extraordinary buildings of the Late Baroque were constructed in Austria, Germany, and Czechia. Another important example is San Cristobal de las Casas in Mexico. Renaissance. Balusters had been a feature of interior decoration for several centuries, though the vogue had been for the bulge or belly of the baluster at the top, while in the Baroque era it dropped to the bottom. The Kinsky Palace Vienna, or Palais Daun-Kinsky, is my favourite town palace in Vienna: The building by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt presses every button of baroque architecture: the iconic pilasters of the façade, arabesques, escutcheons and flutes, a vast selection of baroque sculpture at the grand portal, above windows and on the roof, as well as in the foyer and grand staircase. A particularly fine example is Zacatecas Cathedral in Zacatecas City, in north-central Mexico, with its lavishly sculpted facade and twin bell towers. Belgium.  Another important monument of the period was the Church of Santi Luca e Martina in Rome by Pietro da Cortona (1635–50), in the form of a Greek cross with an elegant dome. It had its origins in the Counter-Reformation, when the Catholic Church launched an overtly emotional and sentimental appeal to the faithful through art and architecture. , One of the first Baroque architects, Carlo Maderno, used Baroque effects of space and perspective in the new facade and colonnade of Saint Peter's Basilica, which was designed to contrast with and complement the gigantic dome built earlier by Michelangelo. Two of these, Huis ten Bosch and Mauritshuis, are symmetrical blocks with large windows, stripped of ostentatious Baroque flourishes and mannerisms. Features. The Egyptian examples show openings in house walls covered with mattings, like the doors themselves. Renaissance is considered to start in the 14 th century followed by the Gothic architectural style. The Church of Saint-Gervais-Saint-Protais in Paris (1615–1621) had the first Baroque facade in France, the first facade in France, featuring, like the Italian Baroque facades, the three superimposed classical orders. During this period, from the end of the 16th century to the dawn of the 18th century, European architecture exploded in novel directions. Baroque architecture is a construction style that began in the 16th century during the Baroque era. Baroque Architecture in the Southern Netherlands developed rather … Richly carved shell-like patterns were particularly popular, reflecting the influence of nature in both the Renaissance and Baroque. Baroque architecture and design took cues from new innovations. Many reasons contributed to the revival of Greco … The outside of the Pope's family residence, was relatively restrained, but the interiors, and especially the immense fresco on the ceiling of the salon, the Allegory of Divine Providence and Barberini Power painted by Pietro da Cortona, are considered masterpieces of Baroque art and decoration. These often took the form of a small arch above the doorway or window, reflecting the recurring baroque motif of curved lines. , The first architectural project of Louis XIV was a proposed reconstruction of the facade of the east wing of the Louvre Palace. Baroque architecture and its embellishments were on one hand more accessible to the emotions and on the other hand, a visible statement of the wealth and power of the Catholic Church. The Baroque Era was one that saw increased interest in theatrical arts and stage lighting was translated into use in interior décor. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest Google+ Email. It was a more theatrical version of Renaissance architecture, with dramatic lighting and colour, illusory effects such as trompe l’oeil, and designs that played games with architecturalfeatures, sometimes leaving them incomplete. Introduction. Twisted balusters also began to be seen from around 1660. Early Sicilian Baroque. Early 18th century, Notable Spanish examples included the new west facade of Santiago de Compostela Cathedral, (1738–50), with its spectacular towers, by Fernando de Casas Novoa. Re-birth of the Greek and Roman architecture.  The Italian style of palaces was also imported to Paris by Marie de Medici for her new residence, the Luxembourg Palace (1615–1624) by architect Salomon de Brosse, and for a new wing of the Chateau of Blois by Francois Mansard (1635–38). Romanesque art used, in addition to windows enclosed by the round arch, others surrounded by the trefoil or fan-arch, and even openings for light entirely Baroque in design, with arbitrarily curved arches. The nexus media center is another concept design for the united arab … After the death or Urban VIII and the brief reign of his successor, the Papacy of Pope Alexander VII from 1666 until 1667 saw more construction of Baroque churches, squares and fountains in Rome by Carlo Rainaldi, Bernini and Carlo Fontana. Walls were often intricately wood-panelled. Baroque decoration was commonly applied to church interiors. Notable examples included the Basilica of Superga, overlooking Turin, by Filippo Juvarra (1717–1731), which was later used as model for the Panthéon in Paris. Illustration 5: Piazza …  Other influential early examples in Rome included the Church of the Gesù by Giacomo della Porta (consecrated 1584), with the first Baroque facade and a highly ornate interior, and Santa Susanna (1603), by Carlo Maderno. Architectural Styles. Architectural Accomplishments. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. , Pavillon de l’Horloge of the Louvre Palace by Jacques Lemercier (1624–1645), Chapel of the Sorbonne by Jacques Lemercier (1626–35), Château de Maisons by François Mansart (1630–1651). One must remember that the Baroque style in architecture - as in Baroque sculpture - was one of propaganda: in palaces, it impressed on the onlooker the importance of the absolute monarch; in churches, it was at the service of 'the Counter-Reformation, notably in Catholic and absolutist countries. Basilica of Bom Jesus. As the Catholic Church found itself in need of a way to proactively manifest its influence and regain lost souls all over Europe, it turned renewed attention to church architecture, requiring new churches to appeal as much to the emotions as to the intellect of the faithful, ultimately persuading them into unconditional trust and faith in the Catholic Church. Churches were not the only buildings to use the Baroque style. Its many columns, domes, and curvilinear shapes mark it as one of the most classic and grandest examples of the Baroque … The windows themselves are usually fairly plain, but are often framed by ornate pediments and other design elements. Church buildings are often some of the most beautiful examples of the various kinds of architecture. Baroque designers were aware of the dramatic effect lighting could have on presentation and in the nuances of architecture and they utilized any construction available be it windows, alcoves, domes or even chandeliers in order to illuminate. Feb 16, 2017 - Photo about Rococo window in Innsbruck, Austria, with reflection of Golden Rood. Rather than designing a single building, an architect might be responsible for reimagining a complex of buildings, or even planning an entire city. The Baroque & Rococo – Austria Johann Fischer Von Erlach (1656 – 1723 ) • Karlskirche 1716-1737 • Master of Austria Architecture Karlskirche – Nave This church has an oval nave with 2 levels of windows to bring light in to flood the space. ( Log Out / The Corinthian paired columns frame the arched openings that lead to adjoining chapels ( 4 major & 2 Minor). Christopher Wren was the leading figure of the late Baroque in England, with his reconstruction of St. Paul's Cathedral (1675–1711) inspired by the model of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, his plan for Greenwich Hospital (begun 1695), and Hampton Court Palace (1690–96). After the death of Carlo Maderno in 1629, Urban named the architect and sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini as the chief Papal architect. Inside, the architecture echoed theatrical techniques – painted ceilings made rooms appear as if they were open to the sky and hidden windows were used to illuminate domes and altars. ( Log Out / It was originally introduced by the Catholic Church, particularly by the Jesuits, as a means to combat the Reformation and the Protestant church with a new architecture that inspired surprise and awe. November 2020 To achieve this, it used a combination of contrast, movement, trompe-l'œil and other dramatic and theatrical effects, such as quadratura the use of painted ceilings that gave the illusion that one was looking up directly at the sky. They carefully planned lighting in the interior to give an impression of mystery. Versailles (1660 – 1685) The Palace of Versailles is the most well known piece of Baroque Architecture and design known to date. Saved from jebsharp.files.wordpress.com. The Metropolitan Tabernacle the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, to the right of the main cathedral, built by Lorenzo Rodríguez between 1749 and 1760, to house the archives and vestments of the archbishop, and to receive visitors. They were followed by pierced windows, where linear spokes and mullions were replaced by traceries that … Image of detail, helblinghaus, roof - 136536 Baroque Architecture. This type of construction adopted the Roman way of architecture but instead modernized it to a new fashion with an aim to show the might of the Roman Catholic Church.Baroque architecture was used to signify the wealth and power of the Catholic Church. It was a reaction against the more severe and academic earlier style of earlier churches, it aimed to inspire the common people with the effects of surprise, emotion and awe. Rococo window stock photo. Church buildings are often some of the most beautiful examples of the various kinds of architecture. Another feature often seen was a broken pediment, where lavish adornment such as a coat of arms would be placed at the apex above the door. Palazzo Farnese : The Palazzo Farnese in Rome demonstrates the Renaissance window’s particular use of square lintels and triangular and segmental pediments used alternatively. It was designed in 1626, and construction began in 1635. It used detail and light to create a mood and send a … It had its origins in the Counter-Reformation, when the Catholic Church launched an overtly emotional and sentimental appeal to the faithful through art and architecture. Baroque Architecture. The altar is in an oval in the center. Clusters of sculpted angels and painted figures crowd the ceiling. In Venice, High Baroque works included Santa Maria della Salute by Baldassare Longhena.  Curving facades and the illusion of movement were a speciality of Francesco Borromini, most notably in San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1634–1646), one of the landmarks of the high Baroque. Beginning in 1664, Bernini proposed several Baroque variants, but in the end the King selected a design by a French architect, Charles Perrault, in a more classical variant of Baroque. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Baroque architecture is a stylethat emerged in Italy in the late-16th century. Nicolas Fouquet, the superintendent of finances for the young King Louis XIV, chose the new style for his château at Vaux-le-Vicomte (1612–1670) by Louis Le Vau. In the Late Baroque period (1675–1750), it reached as far as Russia and the Spanish and Portuguese colonies in Latin America, Beginning in about 1730, an even more elaborately decorative variant called Rococo appeared and flourished in Central Europe. , The Basilica of Superga near Turin by Filippo Juvarra (1717–1731), Interior of the Basilica of Superga by Filippo Juvarra, The Palazzo Carignano, now the Museum of the Italian Renaissance, Turin. The most prominent architects of this style included Balthasar Neumann, noted for the Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers and the Wurzburg Residence (1749–51). , Portuguese colonial architecture was modeled after the architecture of Lisbon, different from the Spanish style. The baroque art style that dominated the 17th century explored tension, emotion and expression. Renaissance and Baroque Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp Topics The Renaissance in France The Renaissance in England The Early Baroque The ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 41855a-ZGZjN According to Francis D.K. French Baroque. Baroque is … 14 (A baldachin is an indoor canopy over a respected object, such as an altar or throne.) , The Early Baroque (1584–1625) was largely dominated by the work of Roman architects, notably the Church of the Gesù by Giacomo della Porta (consecrated 1584) facade and colonnade of St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderno (completed 1612) and the lavish Barberini Palace interiors by Pietro da Cortona (1633–1639). In the late Baroque period, Rococo influences began to creep in, particularly in guilded details around doors. What are the main characteristics of Baroque architecture? It took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church and the absolutist state. Apr 8, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Markie Sullivan-Channon. See more ideas about baroque architecture, architecture, renaissance architecture. Pope Urban VIII, who occupied the Papacy from 1623 to 1644, became the most influential patron of the Baroque style. • Decorative cartouche designed for the Palazzo Barberini by Filippo Juvarra (1711) The sculpted and painted decoration covered every space on the walls and ceiling. The Rococo, not as commonly. French Baroque Architecture. The Renaissance took place between 1400 and 1600, and the Baroque period followed closely after. It began in the late 16th century in order to show the power and wealth of the Roman Catholic Church. The style was sometimes called Churrigueresque, after the family of Baroque architects in Salamanca. In ecclesiastic architecture, Baroque additions to Renaissance interiors often included an ornate baldachin (baldacchino), originally called a ciborium, over the high altar in a church. The Palace of Versailles (built c.1624-98), a magnificent example of French Baroque architecture, is the most famous royal chateau in France.The gigantic scale of Versailles exemplifies the architectural theme of 'creation by division' - a series of simple repetitions rhythmically marked off by the repetition of … , The Jesuits soon imported the style to Paris. In The Abbey of Melk, Jakob Prandtauer used an abundance of polychrome marble and stucco, statuary and ceiling paintings to achieve harmonious and highly theatrical effects. The Baroque period was one of the most exciting times for European architecture. Baroque Architecture Through 10 Buildings in Florence 10 Mins Read. Bauhaus Architecture.. Baroque architecture has some overlap with Renaissance architecture. Bernini rebuilt the Church of Santa Bibiana and the Church of San Sebastiano al Palatino on the Palatine Hill into Baroque landmarks, planned the Fontana del Tritone in the Piazza Barberini, and created the soaring baldacchino as the centerpiece St Peter's Basilica. 10 stunning images of futuristic architecture listverse. The baldacchino designed by Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680) for the Renaissance-era St. Peter's Basilica is an icon of Baroque building. The main view of Baroque architecture was more concerned about color, light and shade, sculptural values and intensity which could be seen in its characteristics. , Interior of the church of the Abbey of Melk by Jakob Prandtauer (1702–1736), Library of the Clementinum, the Jesuit university in Prague (1722), Karlskirche, Vienna by Fischer von Erlach (consecrated 1737), Kaisersaal of Wurzburg Residence by Balthasar Neumann (1749–51), Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers by Balthasar Neumann (1743–1772), Royal Palace of Gödöllő (Hungary) by András Mayerhoffer (1730s–1785), Political and economic crises in the 17th century largely delayed the arrival of the Baroque in Span until the late period, though the Jesuits strongly promoted it. These were often decorated with elaborate mouldings made out of plaster, wood or stone which were used to conceal joins between different surfaces. Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church and the absolutist state.  Representations of windows occur in early wall paintings in Egypt and in reliefs from Assyria. Baroque buildings were also dynamic and dramatic, both using and breaking the rules of classical architecture. It is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Church of San Francisco Acatepec in San Andrés Cholula, state of Puebla, Mexico, built between the mid-16th century and 1760. Carlo Maderno’s 1603 vision for Santa Susanna is also considered an early example of Baroque architecture. The architects chosen were Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart, and the facades of the new palace were constructed around the earlier Marble Court between 1668 and 1678. 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